Autumn 2012, a beach in Asilah, a little coastal town in northern Morocco; As I pressed the shutter button someone walked up the hill in my direction and started swearing at me in Arabic loudly, signalling that I should hand over the camera. What was the problem? What were these people digging for?
It took me two years to find the answer: Sand is the “new environmental time bomb”, as a recent movie shows. Together with gravel, sand holds the largest share of solid material extracted world wide. Sand is processed in numerous products we use every day such as glass, detergents, cosmetics and even in microchips. However, the global construction boom has made sand one of the most important raw materials in the world. Desert sand isn’t suitable for the production of cement, so digging focuses on coastal areas. Morocco is one of the hotspots for this exploitation. More than half of the sand is thereby extracted illegally: “illegal” since the Moroccan government included the theft of sand into article 517 of their criminal code in 2011. The penalty ranges from a fine of 500 Dirham (= 45 Euro) per cubic meter of sand to five years in prison. As a consequence of the huge extraction whole beaches are slowly disappearing in the North African country, supposedly for the benefit of the tourism industry. „Until today 40 to 45 percent of the sand has been stolen. This is a huge amount and a real environmental fiasco,” Othmane Mernissi, president of the Moroccan Association of Granulate Manufacturers said, in the documentary.
But do the men of Asilah have an alternative? And what must this beach have looked like ten years ago?
First published on transformations.